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Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammation of the plantar fascia, a fibrous ligament that runs across the bottom of the foot and attaches the heel bone to the toes. The condition is usually caused by repetitive movements that stretch the fascia, resulting in small tears.
The most common symptom of plantar fasciitis is heel pain, usually in the morning. The pain can also come and go throughout the day, particularly after exercising.
In most cases, plantar fasciitis develops when the plantar fascia and heel are subjected to excess pressure. Here are the most common risk factors:
To avoid exacerbating plantar fasciitis once it occurs, reduce the physical activity that triggered the problem and consult a medical professional to get the appropriate care. Until then, here are a few ways to relieve the pain.
There are also specific exercises that help release muscle tension and, in turn, promote healing of the plantar fascia and prevent relapses.
Stretching exercises for calves, Achilles tendon and arches. Here are two suggestions:
Foot massages can be done before and after exercise to soften the plantar fascia.
Rehabilitation treatments involving a special exercise program designed for you by a physiotherapist can reduce tension in the fascia and in the connected muscles of the legs and pelvis.
Rest. Plantar fasciitis takes time to heal. As long as you have pain, you will need to reduce or even stop doing exercises that affect the support joints involved.
Surgery. Used as a last resort, surgery involves partially severing the plantar fascia to reduce strain. The intervention is not without risk, but has a success rate of 95 percent.
Heel spurs, a potential complication of plantar fasciitis, are small bony growths that develop where the plantar fascia meets the heel bone. They occur in response to the extra strain placed on the fascia. Nearly half of those with plantar fasciitis will also have a heel spur.
Generally speaking, the pain attributed to a heel spur is due to the inflammation from plantar fasciitis. Once this is resolved, the heel spur will remain, but no pain will be present.
Your family pharmacist can recommend arch support devices and show you how to use them. Depending on the severity of your injury, he or she may also refer you to a doctor.
[UNIPRIX] - The information contained herein is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide complete information on the subject matter or to replace the advice of a health professional. This information does not constitute medical consultation, diagnosis or opinion and should not be interpreted as such. Please consult your health care provider if you have any questions about your health, medications or treatment.