Highly varied class that includes ether, chloroform, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), desflurane (Suprane®), enflurane (Ethrane®), halothane (Fluothane®), isoflurane (Forane®), propofol (Diprivan®) and sevoflurane (Sevorane®).
Central nervous system depressant:
|Mechanism of action||
|Routes of administration||
The effects are similar to those of alcohol, barbiturates and benzodiazepines. However, they come on much more quickly and are brief. Their effects vary depending on the individual, the product and amount inhaled and how it is inhaled:
Psychological dependence affects only 3.7% of those who experiment with these substances.
Does not appear to be associated with any withdrawal syndrome. However, certain symptoms may occur when a substance is discontinued:
Onset and duration of action
|Intrapulmonary (inhaled)||Almost immediate||N/A||About 15 minutes after stopping inhalation. Residual effects may persist for 1 to 2 hours.|
Many different street drugs are sold under the same name. Furthermore, nothing guarantees the quantity, purity or even the content of a street drug in spite of the fact that it may, in some cases, look like medication.
If you need help or want to learn more:Partnership for a Drug-Free Canada.
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The patient information leaflets are provided by Vigilance Santé Inc. This content is for information purposes only and does not in any manner whatsoever replace the opinion or advice of your health care professional. Always consult a health care professional before making a decision about your medication or treatment.