Chilblains, also called perniosis, is a cold injury that causes skin lesions. The extremities, including the ears, nose, fingers and toes are particularly vulnerable to this condition.
Chilblains result primarily from prolonged exposure to cold damp conditions (wearing wet clothing).
The most common symptoms associated with chilblains include:
If symptoms do not improve, see a doctor.
In cold climates, wearing several layers of clothing made from tightly woven fibres (wool) or synthetic fibres (fleece) is key. Do not wear cotton. It is also important to protect and cover body parts that are more susceptible. When planning outdoor activities in cold weather, bring a change of clothing.
Drink plenty of hot fluids as this can help the body retain its heat. If drinking hot liquids is not an option, drink plenty of water. Avoid alcohol and caffeine (beverages that can cause dehydration) since they prevent the body from adequately maintaining its temperature. And lastly, stop frequently to warm up. This may help you get through short periods of exposure to cold.
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The patient information leaflets are provided by Vigilance Santé Inc. This content is for information purposes only and does not in any manner whatsoever replace the opinion or advice of your health care professional. Always consult a health care professional before making a decision about your medication or treatment.