Brand Name Nidagel Common Name metronidazole
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How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Metronidazole belongs to the class of medications called antibiotics. It is used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria. It is most commonly used for abdominal, vaginal, and intestinal infections. Metronidazole works by killing bacteria and parasites.
How should I use this medication?
The dose of metronidazole depends on the condition being treated. The usual adult dose of metronidazole is 500 mg taken by mouth every 8 hours or twice daily. For treatment of trichomoniasis, a single dose of 2,000 mg may be taken orally after a meal. Many other doses exist according to the infection being treated.
Metronidazole may be taken with or without food. If it causes stomach upset, it is best taken with food or milk.
Metronidazole vaginal cream or gel is used for vaginal infections. The dose is applied into the vagina usually once or twice a day. See the package insert or talk to your health care provider about how to use the applicator correctly.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones given here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication regularly and exactly as prescribed by the doctor. Keep taking this medication until the prescription is complete even if you feel better. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Each g of colourless to straw-coloured, slightly hazy gel contains metronidazole 7.5 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: carbomer 934P, edetate disodium, methylparaben, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, and sodium hydroxide to adjust the pH to 4.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take this medication if you:
- are allergic to metronidazole or any ingredients of the medication
- have a history of blood disorders
- have a brain (neurological) disorder
- have an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
- have underactive adrenal glands (hypoadreanalism)
What side effects are possible with this medication?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent. The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
- change in taste sensation
- darker urine
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- dryness of mouth
- loss of appetite
- stomach pain or cramps
- unpleasant or sharp metallic taste
Although most of the side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- any vaginal irritation, discharge, or dryness not present before use of this medicine
- fever or unexpected infections
- mood or other mental changes
- skin rash, redness, or itching
- vision changes
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
- convulsions (seizures)
- difficulty coordinating body movement
- extreme sensitivity to bright light
- numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in hands or feet
- signs of a serious allergic reaction ( e.g.,difficulty breathing, itchyskin rash, swelling of face or throat, wheezing)
- stiff neck along with a headache
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Alcohol: A severe set of side effects including nausea, vomiting, and rapid heartbeat may occur if you drink alcohol while taking metronidazole. If you are taking this medication, wait until at least one day after finishing metronidazole treatment before drinking alcohol.
Blood cell counts: This medication may cause low white blood cell counts, which can mean your immune system is weak. If you develop a fever, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor may also perform blood tests regularly to monitor your blood cell counts if you are taking this medication for a long period of time.
Confusion/dizziness: This medication may cause confusion or dizziness. Avoid driving or other tasks requiring alertness if the medication affects you in this way.
Diarrhea: If diarrhea occurs while taking metronidazole,contact your doctor.
Liver disease:. If you have liver problems, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed. Your doctor may want to test your liver function regularly with blood tests while you are taking this medication.
Neurological side effects: Stop treatment with metronidazole and see your doctor if muscle incoordination, seizures, or numbness or tingling in the hands or feet occur.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: Metronidazole passes into breast milk. It should not be taken by women who are breast-feeding.
Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children.
What other drugs could interact with this medication?
There may be an interaction between metronidazole and any of the following:
- stop taking one of the medications,
- change one of the medications to another,
- change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
- leave everything as is.
All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2018. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/drug/getdrug/Nidagel